Introduction of Japanese famous customs

Ochugen or chugen is a midyear gift.
This “”o”” is a prefix for a polite way of saying it.
Ochugen is basically a summer greeting to a boss or business partner who has been a great help to you on a daily basis, and is given around mid-July, and is done by individuals as well as companies. In the ancient Chinese calendar, there were three seasons of the year and offerings were made to the gods at the beginning of each season. This is the origin of the present-day gift-giving custom of “”Ochugen””. Strictly speaking, the word “”chugen”” comes from Taoism.
The 15th of July in the lunar calendar is the day of the Taoist rituals.
This day is also the Buddhist Obon day. Taoism gradually mingled with Buddhism and began to distribute gifts to close relatives and near relatives.
The gifts were originally offered to the dead on Obon.
Later, the “”Ochugen ceremony”” in Japan turned into a custom of giving gifts to those who were indebted to them.
In this way, Ochugen has become established as a gift to be given on or around July 15.
In general, the following people seem to be the most common recipients of Ochugen gifts
(1) A relative (2) A matchmaker (3) A doctor or physician in charge. (4) The teacher of each lesson. (5) Your boss or customer at work.
From your point of view, there is no need to send a mid-year gift to the boss of the company or the teacher of the lessons if you have decided that you have not been particularly good to them.
Today, very few people give Ochugen on the 15th of July in the lunar calendar.
Most people give their ochugen between July 1 and July 15 of the solar calendar.
That ochugen will be called Hot Summer Greeting or Hot Summer Visiting between about July 16 and August 8.
This name implies a wish for the recipient’s health during the hot season.
August 8 is the first day of autumn in the Japanese calendar.
Nowadays, it is common to give gifts of “”products from the country””.