The family crest first appeared in Japan during the Heian period, when the nobles wore their favorite designs of flowers and plants on their clothes and ox carts. Later, samurai began to use more geometric designs of family crests on their flags to identify themselves on the battlefield. During the Edo period, powerful merchants and kabuki actors were allowed to use the family crest, but after that, the common people were free to use the family crest. Nowadays, the family crest can also be found on kimonos for weddings, funerals and ceremonial occasions, known as montsuki. It is said that there are more than 10,000 different family crests in Japan, but only the emperor’s family can use the 16-petal chrysanthemum crest. Bounenkai is literally a “”year-end party””. It is a “”year-end party”” held at the end of the year.They spend the end of the year drinking and having fun. They’re usually done by a group of company employees or people with the same interests. Mostly in restaurants, pubs and karaoke bars. The end of the year in Japan has many important traditions, but there is one last event to reflect on the year and drink together before the New Year arrives. Bounenkai is a party for friends and colleagues to forget the hardships and stresses of the year and start a new year. They usually include finger food and dinner courses with an all-you-can-drink plan. Bonenkai parties are known for having a lively and fun atmosphere that allows people to relax and socialize.